Alteração no Sistema Cardiovascular do Idoso – FIsio Pilates e Estética

Alteração no Sistema Cardiovascular do Idoso


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Pele fina e seca, cabelos brancos e unhas quebradiças não são as únicas características naturais da velhice, são apenas as aparentes para nós. Com o passar dos anos, os órgãos também envelhecem e sofrem alterações estruturais. O músculo cardíaco aumenta de peso, cerca de 1g a 1,5g por ano.

Mudanças como essa não são prejudiciais em si. Porém, os batimentos cardíacos e sua sua eficiência ficam reduzidos, diminuindo o volume de sangue bombeado.

O que acontece, de acordo com Renato Fabbri, presidente da Sociedade de Geriatria e Gerontologia, regional São Paulo, é que diante de algumas atividades que exigem força e agilidade, como subir um lance de escadas, a resposta cardiovascular também será diminuída. “As alterações do ‘coração envelhecido’ incluem redução da capacidade de reserva funcional, não comprometendo necessariamente o seu desempenho no dia-a-dia, mas promovendo resposta cardiovascular diminuída frente a um esforço”.

A partir dos 50 ou 60 anos, o ritmo do metabolismo também desacelera, o que facilita o acúmulo de gordura nas artérias, principalmente em indivíduos sedentários, hipertensos e que possuem colesterol elevado. Assim, aumenta o risco de restrição do fluxo sanguíneo (aterosclerose). Se a região afetada for o coração ou o cérebro, o resultado pode ser um infarto ou um AVC (derrame).

Segundo o Ministério da Saúde, as doenças do aparelho circulatório são a principal causa de mortalidade em idosos, com mais de 37% do número de mortes. As mais comuns são derrame, infarto e enfermidades decorrentes de hipertensão arterial. Por essa razão, o geriatra Renato Fabbri destaca a importância da prática de atividades físicas regulares. “É extremamente importante que a pessoa idosa não deixe de fazer atividades, nem que seja uma caminhada diária de 20 minutos. Os exercícios auxiliam na redução da pressão arterial, melhoram o desempenho da musculatura cardíaca e  elevam a autoestima”. Outra modalidade que está em alta e que a grande maioria dos idosos, especialmente as mulheres, é a prática do Pilates. Faz-se necessário a indicação do médico para prescrever a atividade, caso esteja de acordo às suas necessidades de saúde, fazendo assim, deve-se buscar acompanhamento das atividades com um profissional de fisioterapia, para que não haja riscos de lesões.

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